Predicting the onset of shock-induced buffet using Dynamic Mode Decomposition
Sathsara Dias, Brian Helenbrook, Pat Piperni, Marko Budišić
APS - Presented in 73rd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Session K06:6: Nonlinear Dynamics: General, 23rd November,2020
During transonic flight aircraft can experience a shock-induced buffet, an oscillation felt by the pilot and the aircraft structure which poses a significant constraint on the aircraft design. In idealized 2D flows buffet is linked to a Hopf-type bifurcation, although realistic flow configurations additionally contain a range of background flow features. In this talk we show how Koopman analysis and Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) techniques can be used to predict the onset of the buffet by tracking decay of transients in pre-buffet simulations generated by a Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes code on unstructured meshes. DMD algorithms decompose a sequence of snapshots into a sum of modes; to predict the buffet bifurcation we track the primary mode associated with the buffet across the threshold of stability. We demonstrate how the approach performs when applied to time-resolved simulations and simulations without physically accurate time stepping. The results show that in the idealized time-resolved case the bifurcation could be predicted by tracking the change in time constants, although duration and resolution of input data affect the accuracy of the prediction. An additional challenge in realistic flows is identifying the primary mode among other components of the flow.